The Union Public Service Commission under the head of Government Of India conducts National Defence Academy Exam twice a year. The very first is conducted in April and is commonly known as NDA 1 and the second is conducted in September and commonly known as NDA 2.  It is a common gateway through which aspirants get into the Indian Army, Air Force and Navy. Candidates are admitted through a duly conducted process. It includes filling the application form and clearing the entrance exam. Those who clear the cut-off decided by the body will have to  qualify the interview/personality test to be conducted by SSB. Those who clear these steps will be called for Medical Examination and Document verification. Selected candidates will get an opportunity to serve the country from the front. Candidates can scroll down to get more information about the Eligibility, Application Form, Admit Card, Answer key and Result.

Latest: The schedule of the Phase 1 of NDA has been released by UPSC. Candidates can scroll down to check the same.

NDA 1 2019

The UPSC will be conducting phase 1 of NDA on April 21, 2019 in order to fill the vacancy in the Army, Navy and Air force wings. The Eligibility Criteria will be strictly followed by the conducting body. Therefore the candidates are required to go through the Eligibility before applying. All the germane information related to the exam is mentioned below in the table. Interested candidates are advised to go through the important details before proceeding further.

Date of Notification 09 Jan 2019
Last Date for receipt of Applications 04 Feb 2019
Date of Commencement of Examination 21 Apr 2019 (SUNDAY)
Duration of Examination One day

NOTE: The candidates please may note that the schedule has been released by the conducting body. The body reserves the right to change the same in case of unavoidable circumstances without giving prior notice to the aspirants.

Eligibility Criteria

The interested candidates are advised to go through the eligibility criteria before applying. The fulfilment of Eligibility Criteria is mandatory for every aspirant. No request regarding any alteration of the same will be entertained by the conducting body. Therefore candidates are advised to scroll down and go through the criteria thoroughly before proceeding further.

  1. Nationality: Unmarried males must follow any of the conditions:
    1. a citizen of India.
    2. a subject of Bhutan.
    3. a subject of Nepal.
    4. a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India
    5. a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
    6. NOTE: A certificate of eligibility issued by the government of India has to be submitted in case of categories belonging to 2,3,4,5 except the Gorkha people of Nepal.

2.  Age Limits, Sex and Marital Status: Only unmarried male candidates born not earlier than January 02, 2001 and not later than January 01, 2004 are eligible.


  • The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognised by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register of Matriculates maintained by a University which must be certified by the proper authority of the University or in the Secondary School Examination or an equivalent examination certificates.
  • Candidates should note that only the date of birth as recorded in the Matriculation/ Secondary School Examination Certificate available or an equivalent certificate on the date of submission of applications will be accepted by the Commission and no subsequent request for its change will be considered or granted.
  • Candidates should also note that once a date of birth has been claimed by them and entered in the records of the Commission for the purpose of admission to an Examination, no change will be allowed subsequently or at any subsequent examination on any ground whatsoever.
  • The candidates should exercise due care while entering their date of birth in the respective column of the Online Application Form for the Examination. If on verification at any subsequent stage any variation is found in their date of birth from the one entered in their Matriculation or equivalent Examination certificate, disciplinary action will be taken against them by the Commission under the Rules.
  • Candidates must undertake not to marry until they complete their full training. A candidate who marries subsequent to the date of his application though successful at this or any subsequent Examination will not be selected for training. A candidate who marries during training shall be discharged and will be liable to refund all expenditure incurred on him by the Government.

3. Education Qualification:

(i)For Army Wing of National Defence Academy:12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a State Education Board or a University.

(ii) For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy:

-12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent with Physics and Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University.

-Candidates who are appearing in the 12th Class under the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination can also apply for this.

4. Physical Standards:

Candidates must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (II), 2019 as per guidelines given in Appendix-IV.

A candidate who resigns or withdraws on disciplinary grounds from any of the training academies of Armed Forces is not eligible to apply.

Application Form

The conducting body will provide candidates option to apply online for the exam. Candidates can apply through online mode only. No other mode will be accepted by the conducting body. The forms will be available as per the scheduled dates. It has to be filled on or before the last date of the submission. The application form will have to be filled with accuracy. Discrepancy of any kind will be unacceptable and will lead to the cancellation of that particular candidate. The last date of application will not be extended and no request once the date is over will be entertained by the conducting body.

Application Fee: Apart from those who are exempt will have to pay an application fee of the amount decided by the body. It will have to be paid online. The application form will be considered incomplete till the fees is paid.

Admit Card

The admit cards will be issued once the procedure of application form is completed. The candidates who fill the complete form will be issued admit cards as per the scheduled dates. The admit card will provide the details of the test centre and time slot of the exam. No request for the change in any of the two will be entertained by the conducting body. Also It shall be the responsibility of the candidate to take a print out of it by providing the login credentials after verifying that the information printed is correct. The conducting body should be immediately contacted in case a candidate finds some mistake.

Exam Pattern for UPSC NDA I & II

The Exam pattern followed by the conducting body is given below. For maximum advantages candidates should be fully acquainted with the same:

  • A written exam will be conducted.
  • The exam shall be of duration 2 ½ hours for each exam.
  • There will be Objective Type MCQ questions. Four alternatives to each question will be available.
  • A penalty of 0.33 marks will be imposed for wrong answers.

Details are mentioned in the table given below:

Paper Subject Maximum Marks Number of Questions
1 Mathematics 300 120
2 General Ability Test 600 150


The syllabus as per previous year’s information is as follows:

Paper 1 – Mathematics

    1. Algebra
    2. Matrices and Determinants
    3. Trigonometry
  • Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimension
  • Integral Calculus and Differential Equations
  • Vector Algebra
  • Statistics and Probability

Paper 2 – General Ability Test

Part A: English: The questions in this section will consist of Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.

Part B: General Knowledge

This section will broadly cover subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events.
For Physics

  • Physical Properties and States of Matter
  • Mass
  • Weight
  • Volume
  • Density and Specific Gravity
  • Principle of Archimedes
  • Pressure Barometer
  • Motion of objects
  • Velocity and Acceleration
  • Newton’s Laws of Motion
  • Force and Momentum
  • Parallelogram of Forces
  • Stability and Equilibrium of bodies
  • Gravitation
  • Elementary ideas of work
  • Power and Energy
  • Effects of Heat
  • Measurement of Temperature and Heat
  • Change of State and Latent Heat
  • Modes of transference of Heat
  • Sound waves and their properties
  • Simple musical instruments
  • Rectilinear propagation of Light
  • Reflection and refraction
  • Spherical mirrors and Lenses
  • Human Eye
  • Natural and Artificial Magnets
  • Properties of a Magnet
  • Earth as a Magnet
  • Static and Current Electricity
  • Conductors and Non-conductors
  • Ohm’s Law
  • Simple Electrical Circuits
  • Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current
  • Measurement of Electrical Power
  • Primary and Secondary Cells
  • Use of X-Rays
  • General Principles in the working of the following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.

For Chemistry

  • Physical and Chemical Changes
  • Elements
  • Mixtures and Compounds
  • Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equation
  • Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)
  • Properties of Air and Water
  • Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon— different forms
  • Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial
  • Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gunpowder
  • Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom
  • Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights
  • Valency

For General Science

  • Difference between the living and non-living
  • Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues
  • Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals
  • Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs
  • Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention
  • Food—Source of Energy for man
  • Constituents of food
  • Balanced Diet
  • The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists

For History, Freedom Movement etc.

  • A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation
  • Freedom Movement in India
  • Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration
  • Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India
  • Panchayati Raj
  • Co-operatives and Community Development
  • Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State
  • Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi
  • Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance
  • Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution
  • Impact of Science and Technology on Society
  • Concept of one World
  • United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism
  • Role of India in the present world

For Geography

  • The Earth, its shape and size
  • Latitudes and Longitudes
  • Concept of time
  • International Date Line
  • Movements of Earth and their effects
  • Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification
  • Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
  • Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition
  • Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation
  • Types of Climate
  • Major Natural regions of the World
  • Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities
  • Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India
  • Main items of Imports and Exports of India

For Current Events

  • Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years
  • Current important world events
  • Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports

Test Centres

The Conducting body will allow the aspirants to choose the centre of examination as per their convenience. However they will be allotted the same subject to the availability of seats in a particular centre. While every effort will be made to allot a centre in the Test City opted by the candidate, the University will reserve its right to allot a centre other than that of the candidate’s choice. The seat allotment will be done on the basis of first-apply-first-allot basis and once the capacity of a particular centre is attained, the same will be frozen. Applicants, who cannot get a centre of their choice due to ceiling, will be required to choose a Centre from the remaining ones. Applicants are, thus, advised that they should apply early so that they could get a Centre of their choice. The Centre of Examination once allotted to the candidate, shall not be changed under any circumstance. Therefore candidates are suggested to choose the centres wisely.

Following are the test centres:

Agartala, Ahmedabad, Aizawl, Allahabad, Bengaluru, Bareilly, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Chennai, Cuttack, Dehradun, Delhi, Dharwad, Dispur, Gangtok, Hyderabad, Imphal, Itanagar, Jaipur, Jammu, Jorhat, Kochi, Kohima, Kolkata, Lucknow, Madurai, Mumbai, Nagpur, Panaji (Goa), Patna, Port Blair, Raipur, Ranchi, Sambalpur, Shillong, Shimla, Srinagar, Thiruvananthapuram, Tirupati, Udaipur and Vishakhapatnam.

Answer Key

The answer key will be made available on the official website of the university once the exam is conducted successfully. Candidates will have to provide login credentials to reach at their respective answer sheets. They will then be provided with two options: The first will be the correct answer to a question and The second would be the answer marked by the candidate. The candidate will then have to conclude whether the answer is right or wrong. After analysing this the candidate can arrive at the marks received by taking marking scheme into consideration. These expected marks can help students conclude whether they will be able to clear the exam or not.

Candidates will also be provided with the opportunity to raise doubts in case of ambiguity. And the final result will be arrived at once all the doubts are cleared. The final result will then be binding on all.


The result of the exam will be arrived at once the examination is conducted successfully. The marks will be calculated as per the marking scheme. The marks at which a particular candidate clears the exam and the list of selected candidates will be uploaded on the offficial website. Those who clear the exam wil be called for the next round of interview/personality test to be conducted by SSB where candidates for the Army/Navy wings of the NDA will be assessed on Officers Potentiality and those for the Air Force in addition to the above will have to qualify Computerised Pilot Selection System (CPSS). Candidates with Air Force as one of the choices will have to undergo CPSS if they qualify SSB and wish to do so.

The next step towards selection will Psychological Aptitude Test and Intelligence Test which has been introduced at Selection Centres/Air Force Selection Boards/Naval Selection Boards. All the candidates will be put to stage-one test on first day of reporting at Selection Centres/Air Force Selection Boards/Naval Selection Boards. Only those candidates who qualify at stage one will be admitted to the second stage/remaining tests. Those candidates who qualify stage II will be required to submit the Original Certificates along with one photocopy each of:

(i) Original Matriculation pass certificate or equivalent in support of date of birth

(ii) Original 10+2 pass certificate or equivalent in support of educational qualification.

Official Website:

For more details on UPSC NDA 1 2019 download 2018 Information Brochure.

UPSC Recruitment Defence Services

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